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How to make a garden

A garden is a place where a number of plants are planted in a specific manner for the purpose of aesthetic beauty. Just by planting some plants and lawn one cannot make a garden look beautiful. Making a garden requires some amount of plant knowledge and the ability to arrange the plants aesthetically.

The Lawn Shrubs & Hedges
Ground Covers Creepers & Climbers
Seasonals Trees
Rock Garden Other Artifacts


If you wish to employ a garden contractor, it is best to look out for one who has had a reasonable amount of experience in making a garden and one who has trained staff. The reputed contractors too can give you a lot of trouble by not adhering to the specifications that are to be followed in making the garden. For example, if a tree requires a pit of 3' x 3' x 3' to be dug, he may dig a pit of 3' x 3' x 2' or he may dig a pit of the correct specification but while filling it with fresh mixture of garden earth and manure, he will fill the bottom part with the excavated infertile soil. (There is nothing wrong however in using the excavated earth if it is of good quality.) Both will not let the plant grow properly.

It is best to spend some extra money and have a good garden made rather than be fooled by the enormously low amount quoted by some garden contractors.

You can however make your own garden in the following way.

Draw out a landscaping plan for your garden. You do not need to be an expert in drawing. A rough sketch will do. A number of factors will have to be considered in making a landscape plan, such as the topography of the are, the location of the house or building, whether the area is in a sunny of a shady location, the amount of land available in making a garden, the availability of water, the time that you can spend in maintaining the garden and most important of all the amount of money that you are willing to shell out in making the garden.

Making the Lawn

The lawn acts as a canvas in making the garden with the house or some object as the main focal point. All other feature of the garden comes within the lawn.

Level the area and fill it up with mixture of garden earth and manure in the ratio of 3:1 (3 parts of garden and 1 part of manure) to a depth of 6". Water the area and leave it for a week. This is done to allow the weeds present in the lawn to come up. After a week remove all the weeds. Your are now ready to plant the lawn.

For a sunny location you have the choice of planting the Cynaon dactylon (Hariyali 'Doob'), the Korean Carpet grass or the Mexican Carpet grass. The latter two are also known as jumping grass.

For a shady location you can plant the Paspalam grass.

Planting Shrubs and Hedges

Shrubs and hedges are plants the growth of which is intended for not more than 3'. Besides their beauty they act as a demarcation line for the garden. The hedges can be given various shapes as well. The color and the flowering pattern of the shrubs should be well exploited to get a well-designed garden.

Depending upon the fertility of the existing land, dig a trench of 1' - 2' depth and 1' - 2' wide. Fill the trench with a mixture of garden earth and manure in the ratio of 2:1 and plant the shrubs as per the layout design. Again depending upon the growth pattern of the shrubs, plant them at a distance of 1' - 2' from one another.

Planting of Ground Covers

Ground covers are plants that are used primarily to cover any gaps in between the shrubs and hedges. They do not grow to ore than 6" tall.

Prepare the planting bed by excavating to a depth of 1' and filling with mixture of garden earth and manure in the ratio of 2:1. Plant the plant at a distance of 9" to 1' from one another.

Creepers & Climbers

These do not need any explanation. We know they are used to provide a screen to the boundary wall or are used to cover up the wall with greens. Arches too can be made out of these.

Plant the creepers and climbers at a distance of 1.5' from one another by providing a filling of garden earth and manure in the ratio of 2: 1 to a depth of 1'.


The seasonal plants have a beauty of their own. All gardens should have an area demarcated for planting seasonals. Seasonals are plants which grown in a particular season and wither away thereafter. The beauty of the garden increases four folds when the seasonals are in full bloom. Moreover the garden will have a different look with each season.


Besides providing shade during the summer, the trees also have very attractive foliage and flowers. They should however not be planted very close in such a manner that they block the rays of the sun from reaching the lawn, shrubs and ground covers.

Dig trenches of 3' x 3' x 3' at intervals of 10' from one another. Fill it with mixture of garden earth and manure in the ratio of 2:1 and plant the tree saplings. Support the saplings with stakes so that they do not get disturbed by wind.

Rock Gardens, Pathways, Water bodies, artifacts etc.

Though not an essentiality in the garden, their presence certainly adds to the way that a garden appears. They should definitely be added where the garden area is quite big.